The third and fourth State reforms

During the third State reform in 1988-89, it was mainly the Brussels-Capital Region that took shape. Like the other two Regions it received its own institutions, and in particular a Council, now called Parliament, and a Government.
The Parliament of the Brussels-Capital Region votes on ordinances, and the Government implements them.

With the third State reform of 1988-1989, the Communities were given more powers and the Regions were consolidated. So the Communities were given responsibility for education, while the Regions were given powers for transport and public works.

Finally, the process of State reform which started in 1970 was completed with the fourth State reform in 1993. The Belgian State is now a fully-fledged federal State. The Communities and the Regions, which were set up under previous reforms, now received their full powers.

The first clause of the first article in our Constitution which used to say: 'Belgium is divided into provinces' was amended to: 'Belgium is a Federal State which consists of Communities and Regions'.

The Federal State of Belgium was a reality from that moment on.



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