A self-employed person exercises a profitable professional activity without being connected to an employer with a contract of employment. In other words, a self-employed person is like his or her own 'boss'.
A self-employed person is also considered self-employed in the area of social security. Unlike wage earners in the private sector or the public sector, they need to join a social insurance fund and pay social security contributions. He or she must also join a health insurance fund.
In addition to these obligations, a self-employed person also has certain rights in the field of family benefits, health and disablement insurance, maternity insurance, pension and droit passerelle (rights in case of bankruptcy).
More information about your rights and obligations as a self-employed person (fr) is available on the website of the FPS Economy.
Extensive information about the social security of self-employed entrepreneurs is available on the website of the National Institute for the Social Security of the Self-employed (NISSE).