To work as a student, you must be aged at least 15 (in fact, you must no longer be liable to remain in full-time education) and follow an approved course of education.
The employed student and the employer must conclude a written fixed term contract, known as the student employment contract.
More info on student jobs on the site of the Belgian Federal Public Service Employment, Labour and Social Dialogue (in French or Dutch).
Foreign students from a country in the European Economic Area
Foreign students coming from a country in the European Economic Area (or from Switzerland) have the same rights and obligations as Belgian students. However, they do not necessarily have to study or live in Belgium.
Foreign students from a country outside the European Economic Area
Foreign students coming from a country outside the European Economic Area must follow an approved course of education in Belgium and be in possession of a valid residence permit. During the Christmas, Easter and summer college holidays, they are exempt from the requirement to possess a work permit. If they want to work outside these college holiday periods, they must have a type C work permit.
More info on work permits can be found on our pages ‘Working in Belgium'