Belgium consists of three regions with policies adapted to each region.

Flora in Flanders

Flanders is a densely populated, dynamic region with a very fragmented landscape. For this reason, wildlife is under immense pressure. Approximately half of its plants and animals are on the 'Red List' (in Dutch), an inventory of endangered species, that includes the Red List of higher plants and the Red List of mushrooms.

On the website of the Institute for Nature and Woodland you will also find:

Flora in the Brussels Capital Region

In spite of major urbanization, 53% of the area of the Brussels Capital Region consists of green spaces. You find trees and plants everywhere, in parks and gardens, in the streets and along the motorways. Numerous inventories by Leefmilieu Brussel and other organizations have led to the identification of 700 different species of plant: half of all Belgian flora.

More information about green Brussels and the flora in the Brussels Capital Region can be found on the Brussels Institute for Environment Management website. (in French or Dutch)

Flora in Wallonia

The Wallonia region’s environment portal offers all you need to know about the protection of species (in French) in Wallonia. 

International Conventions

Belgium is a member of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora(link is external) (CITES).