The provinces are autonomous institutions and are under the supervision of the Federal State, the Communities and mainly the Regions.
The provinces have a Provincial Council.
The members of the Provincial Council are directly elected for a six-year term. The Provincial Council takes decisions of a general nature, votes on provincial regulations and draws up the budget for the province.
The Provincial Council appoints the six members of the Permanent Deputation from among its ranks. The delegates form the Permanent Deputation.
The Permanent Deputation executes the resolutions of the Provincial Council and ensures day-to-day management. It is chaired by the Governor.
The Governor is not elected; he is appointed or dismissed by the King, under the responsibility of the Minister for the Home Department.
However, since the Lambermont agreements, he represents the Regional Government and no longer the federal level.